Fraunhofer ITEM expertise in toxicology, human and veterinary medicine, biology, chemistry, and physics forms the basis for comprehensive contract research, including preclinical and clinical testing, consumer and environmental protection. Various methods are available, incl. in-vitro, ex-vivo and in-vivo, if required under GXP regulations. Focus is on lung and airways. Fraunhofer ITEM is one of 74 institutions of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft, Europe's leading organization for applied research.