Fraunhofer ITEM expertise in toxicology, human and veterinary medicine, biology, chemistry, and physics forms the basis for comprehensive contract research, including preclinical and clinical testing, consumer and environmental protection. Various methods are available, including in-vitro, ex-vivo and in-vivo on request under GXP regulations. Scope is lung & airways. Fraunhofer ITEM is one of ca. 70 institutions of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft, Europe's leading organization for applied research.